These two programming languages cater to different domains of programming. So we can’t tell you which one to learn, but we can make your decision easier by explaining the pros and cons of each.
What is Java?
Java is a fully object-oriented language, which means everything in Java is an Object. OOP languages try to mimic the real world through these objects. If you have worked with C, you should know that a C program is a list of commands or instructions. It is difficult to develop enterprise applications with such an approach, and that’s where the OOP paradigm comes in to play.
Another important thing about Java is it was developed with portability in mind. This is achieved with the help of JVM and bytecode. JVM is responsible for executing Java codes. When you run a Java code, JVM first creates a machine-independent intermediate code called bytecode. You can execute this bytecode on another machine as well; hence we call Java is portable.
Java has over 1 billion downloads annually and runs on more than 1 billion devices. This should give you an idea about how popular Java is.
Many new programmers may not be familiar with the differences between these two languages. So let’s go into detail about the main aspects that separate them and how they become suitable for different aspects of programming.
Both of these languages can be used to develop all types of applications for web, mobile, desktop, and server-side. However, Java is more suited for enterprise applications as it has the robustness and performance required for business-critical functions. It is supported by many libraries for different functions like managing security so that you don’t have to build them from scratch.
While Java has a relatively steep learning curve, once you learn the language, all related frameworks become familiar automatically. Java is an exemplary language if you want to learn about Object-Oriented concepts. Learning these concepts along with the syntax of Java, makes it much easier to learn other programming languages, which you will eventually have to do.